Leiser Opera Center
GYPSY March 2 2008 at 3 pm...
Michael Klotz,violin; Iris van Eck, cello; Misha Dacic, piano.
Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
Trio I in G major
(violin, cello and piano)
Finale Rondo all Ongarese
Haydn was at the height of his fame when he composed this delightful piano trio, often called the Gypsy Trio. It reflects the composer's fondness for folk music as well as his deep affection for an attractive English widow, Mrs. Rebecca Schroeter, to whom the work was dedicated. Haydn's own marriage was not a felicitous match. Of Mrs. Schroeter, he later said, "...had I been free, I should certainly have married her..." Haydn's taste for Hungarian themes extended to the culinary arts; he reportedly was fond of Hungarian food, the spicier the better.
First Rhapsody (cello and piano)
Prima parte (lassu) Moderato
Seconda parte (friss) Allegretto moderato
Soon after he graduated from
the Budapest Academy of Music, Béla Bartók became
fascinated by the folk music of his region. While spending six
months of 1904 in the resort village of Gerlice Puszta in northern
Hungary (now Ratkó, Slovakia), he was entranced by the
songs he overheard being sung by a Transylvanian maid. Both of
Bartok's Rhapsodies were written in 1928. The First Rhapsody is
dedicated to Joseph Szigeti, the Hungarian virtuoso violinist.
It is written in typical two part lassu-friss (slow-fast) form
of the czardas. The First Rhapsody exists in many versions: for
violin and piano, for violin and orchestra, for cello and piano
and also with two different endings. All the themes in his First
Rhapsody are literal transcriptions of or close derivations from
some of the Transylvanian violin melodies with which he was acquainted.
George Enescu (1881-1955)
Concert PIece (viola and piano)
George Enescu, (August 19, 1881, Liveni May 4, 1955, Paris) was a composer, violinist, pianist, conductor and teacher and was one of the most prodigious talents of his time. He lived to witness tremendous upheaval and revolution not only in the world, but in music as well. He was classmates with Ravel and the two remained lifelong friends. He also had an important professional relationship with Bartók.
Many of Enescu's works were influenced by Romanian folk music, among his most popular compositions are the Romanian Rhapsodies (19012), He also wrote a lot of chamber music including three sonatas for violin and piano, two for cello and piano, a piano trio, quartets with and without piano, a piano quintet and more.
Franz Liszt (1811-1886)
Hungarian Rhapsody #2 (piano)
Franz Liszt was the Paganini of the piano - a bravura virtuoso who defied the instrument's limitations, who with Wagner and Berlioz, was a proponent of the "New Music." His piano works are also some of the most difficult piano music ever written. Though an international artist, Hungarian-born Liszt maintained close emotional and musical ties with his native land. His series of 19 Hungarian rhapsodies for solo piano are virtuoso showpieces endowed with brooding Gypsy fire and yearning. They were instantly popular, and remain so.
Piano Trio in E Minor, Op 90 "Dumky" (1891)
(violin, cello and piano)
I Lento Maestoso, Allegro vivace
II Poco Adagio, Vivace
III Andante, Vivace non troppo
IV Andante Moderato (quasi tempodi Marcia), Allegretto Scherzando
VI Lento maestoso, Vivace
The Dumky Trio is the last and best known of Dvoraks piano trios. "Dumky" is the plural of "Dumka" which can be translated as "a fleeting thought". The Trio is made up of six movements, each a "dumka. It is a work filled with the simple beauty and colorful quality of folk song and dance, yet the melodies are Dvoraks own. The Trio was composed toward the end of the composers nationalistic period and was premiered in Prague on April 11, 1891 (with Dvorak as pianist) at a concert at which the composer received an honorary doctorate from Pragues Charles University. The Trio was published while Dvorak was in America and was proofread by none other than his friend, Johannes Brahms.
Piano tuned and regulated by